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Lower your diabetes risk step-by-step

There are many good reasons to keep your body in motion. Preventing Type 2 diabetes – or controlling the disease if you have it – is one of them. And one of the easiest ways to get in the physical activity you need is to walk. It's low-risk, low-cost and can be done by almost anyone at any fitness level.

There are many benefits to walking regularly. When it comes to diabetes, you'll be happy to know it may reduce the risk of developing the disease. Walking can also help with blood sugar control and makes it easier to lose or maintain weight. The American Diabetes Association recommends walking for 30 minutes at least 5 days a week.

If you're new to exercise, here are a few tips to start walking:

  • Get your doctor's okay. This is especially important if you have a medical condition.
  • Dress appropriately. Make sure you have supportive shoes and comfortable clothes.
  • Start slowly. Begin by walking a short distance at a comfortable pace. Even if the only thing you can do is to walk to the mailbox and back, that's a good place to start.
  • Keep moving. Gradually increase your time, speed and/or distance by 10-20% each week.
  • Warm up and stretch. Begin at an easy pace for the first few minutes before increasing the intensity of your walk. Stretch at the end of your walk.
  • Focus on your posture. Stand tall with your stomach pulled in, shoulders relaxed and head lifted. Swing your arms naturally. Don't overstride or look down at the ground.
  • Take the talk test. If you can talk but can't sing more than a few words without getting out of breath, you're exercising at a moderate pace. If you can't catch your breath or get out of breath after saying only a few words, you're exercising at a high intensity.

Can't find a large enough block of time to walk or can't walk for too long at any one time? That's okay. Break up your activity into 10-minute chunks during the day. These really add up!


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Date Last Reviewed: January 16, 2019
Editorial Review: Andrea Cohen, Editorial Director, Baldwin Publishing, Inc. Contact Editor
Medical Review: Andrew P. Overman, DPT, MS, COMT, CSCS
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