Diabetes


Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that converts glucose into energy. This can cause sugar to build up in the bloodstream and enable diabetes to occur. Diabetes is a serious disease that can lead to heart attack, stroke, nerve damage, kidney failure, amputation and blindness. There are two types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes
Most often affecting children and young adults, this form of diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body does not produce enough insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes
This type of diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results from the body being unable to properly use insulin. This type can affect young people, but most often occurs later in life.

DIABETES VS HIGH BLOOD SUGAR

There are often misconceptions about what is considered diabetes, ranging from what your blood sugar level is to the medication (pills versus insulin) you take. Below are the facts about what your blood sugar level means. The following readings are based on eight hours of pre-test fasting to ensure the most accurate reading:

Normal – Blood sugar less than 100

Pre-diabetes – Blood sugar of 100-125

Diabetes – Blood sugar is 126 or higher

With pre-diabetes, individuals can sometimes make dietary changes, start an exercise program, and/or lose weight to enable glucose levels to go back to a normal range. Often pre-diabetes can be a precursor to type 2 diabetes.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to note that every blood sugar reading you take should not be a fasting test. Checking your glucose 2 hours after a meal can provide insight on how different foods effect your blood sugars. It is also a good idea to check your blood sugar prior to exercise to know if it is safe to begin your workout. Talk with your healthcare provider for safe blood sugar parameters for exercising.

Additional Facts about Diabetes

  • Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults
  • 2 out of 3 people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure
  • The rate of amputation for people with diabetes is 10 times higher than those without diabetes
  • About 60-70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nerve damage
  • Diabetes can cause pain in the hands and feet, sexual dysfunction and other nerve problems

The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the better the chance of lowering the risk of serious complications. More information is available at diabetes.org or by calling 1.800.DIABETES.

DIABETES Support GROUP

Maury Regional offers a Diabetes Support Group (formerly known as the Diabetes Education Group) that meets monthly to discuss the care and management of diabetes. The group is open to those with diabetes and their family members. For more information about upcoming events, visit the Classes & Events section or contact the certified diabetes educator at 931.540.4324.

DIABETES self-management class

Recognized by the American Diabetes Association, this comprehensive eight-hour course is taught by a certified diabetes educator and a registered dietitian. Join others with diabetes to learn how to manage the disease through medications, meal planning, exercise and stress reduction. The class is offered on the second Thursday and fourth Tuesday of each month. Most insurance companies will cover the cost of the class. Please talk with your health care provider for an order to attend the class. If financial concerns exist, please contact the Diabetes Services Department for assistance at 931.540.4324. 

Nutrition Therapy for Diabetes

Diet is an important factor in controlling diabetes. Maury Regional Medical Center offers one-on-one consultations with a registered dietitian/nutritionist who can assist you in developing an individualized meal plan. A physician's order is required and most insurance plans will cover the cost of the consult. For more information, contact the Diabetes Services Department at 931.540.4324. To schedule your nutrition therapy consult, call 931.380.4044.